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Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the debts contracted by the treasury in Eastern Sudan. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 347 Out of focus 12/08/1311
Collection: nilevalleyuniversity.nilevalleyuniversity
Description: Minbar [Mosque pulpit] Sermons.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: A letter concerning the rehabilitation of their country.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: In praise of the Messenger.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: This short strongly-worded letter contains stern warning regarding the non-attendance of the muqaddam anf faqirs to the Sultan on the 15th of Shawwal 1328 H.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: A poetry collection including poems by Khalid Adam bin Al-Khayyat.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: Aḥmad Maḥmūd ʿAlī informs them that he has been told the Hadanduwa have allied with the Turks (the British and Egyptian administration in Sawākin) to attack and destroy Mahdist power in Eastern Sudan while an expedition is being mounted against the Banī ʿĀmir. He recommends to postpone this expedition. 11/06/1307
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: Contains Arabic poetry from the time of the Prophet (PBUH), including topics such as praise and satire. Additionally, the pamphlet contains hadiths about poetry by the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, especially the poetry of wisdom. There is also a chapter about cows, their types and benefits.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the Khalīfa’s recommendation for the training of the army and the mobilisation of the tribes in Eastern Sudan. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 243 20/06/1309
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the situation in Eastern Sudan: rumours of attacks by the Turks; return of Kitchener to Egypt with important captives; the condition of the nomadic tribes, especially the ʿAmārʾar; instruction of Kitchener not to attack ʿUthmān Diqna in the mountains but only when he comes close to the fortified positions. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 300 12/05/1310
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: This is a manuscript draft entitled “Osman Digna’s Report of his primary actions in the Eastern Sudan. Submitted by him to the Mahdī, as taken from an Arabic copy found in Afafit on its being occupied by Gvt. troops on 19,2,91”. This draft translation was published in Wingate’s “Report on the Dervish Rule in the Eastern Sudan” (May 1891) as Appendix II entitled “Extracts from Osman Digna’s correspondence, captured on 19th February, 1891” This report can be found in Durham (SAD 253/1) and in the NRO (CairInt 3/03/46). This is translation is based on an Arabic text, called the Waqāʾiʿ ʿUthmān Diqna (“The Chronicles of ʿUthmān Diqna”), which is kept at the NRO (Mahdiyya 8/07/60). Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm has published an edited version in Arabic of this text (Abū Salīm, Mudhakkirāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, 1974), stating that the English translation was of poor quality. 24/03/1891
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the situation in Eastern Sudan; the consequences of the Mahdist raid against Arkawīt: the replacement of the Sudanese and ḥamrān soldiers by Hindu soldiers and the cutting of stipends to tribal leaders; on the situation in Kasalā after the Italian defeat against Aḥmad Faḍīl; withdrawal of the Italians; news of the defeat of Adwa. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 431 03/01/1314
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: A congratulatory poem for the New Year 1345 AH.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nilevalleyuniversity.nilevalleyuniversity
Description: Al-Muqaddimah al-Jazriyah (The Jazriyah Introduction) on the Science of Quran bu Abu al-Khayr Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Jazri al-Shafi'i
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: This is a discussion on the effects of the establishment of Aḥmad Maḥmūd ʿAlī in Handūb, where the previous Mahdist centre in Eastern Sudan was situated, before being moved to Tūkar in January 1889, after the last attempt by Mahdist forces to seize Sawākin. It appears that they suspect that Aḥmad Maḥmūd ʿAlī is collecting taxes from traders passing through to and from Sawākin (as Handūb is on the road between the latter port and Berber on the Nile), and is not sending the proceeds of this levy to the treasury in Tūkar; the anṣār there is in a situation of great need. If this is not mentioned in the letter, the suspicion of the Mahdist administrators was quite certainly strengthened by the fact that his father Maḥmūd ʿAlī, raʾīs of the Amārʾar, was the main opponent to the Mahdiyya in Eastern Sudan, until his death, the same year as the writing of this letter. In an addendum, al-Majdhūb states that he has learned from some traders that waterpipe tobacco is sometimes smuggled inside the country in boxes of sugar. Tobacco, like alcohol, was rigorously forbidden by the Mahdist regime, but it appears that some must nonetheless have been smuggled in to smoke. 05/08/1307
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: Hymnic poems relating to behaviour for God's followers, including poems on divine supplication, prophetic poems, mystical pleas and other hymns.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: The facts about King Nasser, son of King Ibrahim, who succeeded to the throne after his brother King Sulayman in 1299 AH. He was a prince from the borderland tribes of his region. He fought and defeated the army, aided by the prince Hamdan Abu Anja, and gained recognition from the British government for his actions. They assigned him to oversee the region stretching from the maritime border to the mountains of Mandara, working at this post until he died.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: Twelve leaders of one of the banners of ʿUthmān Diqna, led by Shāʾib Aḥmad, sent from Abū Qarja (ʿUthmān Diqna’s main deputy) a letter complaining of the treatment they received from their amīr. They accuse him of having appropriated the booty, seized their first petition to the Khalīfa, and having confiscated most of the property of one of them, Faḍl ʿAbd Allāh, he was imprisoned (letter 1). The Khalīfa sent the petition to his four deputies in Tūkar, whom had been sent to the Eastern Sudan to find a solution to the conflict which opposed ʿUthmān Diqna to Abū Qarja (who resented being under the authority of the former) (letter 2). The deputies ask the twelve petitioners to give details as to their accusations against Shāʾib Aḥmad (letter 3). The petitioners state that they will comply with the request of the deputies (letter 4). The deputies inform Shāʾib Aḥmad of the order of the Khalīfa and inform him of the original petition (letter 5). Shāʾib Aḥmad presents his defence (letter 6). The deputies communicate to the petitioners Shāʾib Aḥmad’s response their accusation (letter 7). The petitioners develop and refine their argument against Shāʾib Aḥmad (letter 8). The deputies confirm having received the petitioners’ response and ask for further details on one of the central points of the dispute, namely the status of a horse which one of the petitioners claims to have bought from the provincial treasury in Tukar, whereas Shāʾib Aḥmad claims that it was wrongfully appropriated and that he was in his right to seize it (letter 9). The petitioners respond to the deputies new enquiry and expand their accusations against Shāʾib Aḥmad by claiming that he also never distributed salaries due to the fighters and their families (letter 10). The deputies sum up the accusations of the petitioners to Shāʾib Aḥmad (letter 11). Shāʾib Aḥmad answers the accusations of the petitioners by claiming that they are fabricated and that the secretary of the treasury could prove that there was no wrongful appropriation (letter 12). The deputies ask the representatives of the shariʿa to investigate the matter (letter 13). The representatives of the shariʿa have heard from all those involved (letter 14). The deputies communicate to ʿUthmān Diqna the latest developments regarding the representatives of the shariʿa and ask him if he authorised Shāʾib Ahmad to confiscate Faḍl ʿAbd Allāh’s property (letter 15). ʿUthmān Diqna confirms that he gave Shāʾib Aḥmad the authorisation for this confiscation (letter 16). The deputies ask ʿAbd Allāh Abū Bakr Yūsuf, the secretary of the treasury, if the allegations of the petitioners against Shāʾib Aḥmad are true (letter 17). ʿAbd Allāh Abū Bakr Yūsuf replies to the deputies enquiry about the accusation of appropriations against Shāʾib Aḥmad. He writes that, during that period, the secretary of the banner of Shāʾib Aḥmad was Aḥmad [Qubajī] and that the record of the expenses of this banner in Kasalā could be found in notebooks there (letter 18). The deputies take note of ʿAbd Allāh Abū Bakr Yūsuf answer and emphasise the importance of getting the amounts spent by this banner for general expenses and compensation (letter 19). ʿAbd Allāh Abū Bakr Yūsuf replies that he finally found the records and they show expenditure in money, grain (dhura), clothing and perfumes. The expenses for the banner of Shāʾib Aḥmad were 5766 riyāl, 638 ardābb of dhura and 423 pieces of clothing (letter 20). The deputies ʿUthmān Diqna for the records of the expenses occurred by the banner of Shāʾib Aḥmad in Handūb (the former Mahdist centre in the Eastern Sudan before its being moved to Tokar in early 1890) (letter 21). ʿUthmān Diqna declares that there is no record for the period 01/04/1305 to 21/04/1306, due to the lack of notebooks. However, records are available from 21/04/1306 to 29/06/1306, when they were moved from Handūb for Tukar, and are attached to his letter (letter 22). 18/02-21/04/1889 17/06-20/08/1306
Collection: nilevalleyuniversity.nilevalleyuniversity
Description: A manuscript of the Holy Quran
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: A letter from Imam Al-Mahdi to the people of the mountains informing them of the appointment of King Omar Ibn Al-Mak Adam as their ruler and asking them to fight the Turks and the Christians with him.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: Chronicles of the conquests of King Ghanim son of King Humaydan, his victory over the tribes of Al-Qawasima in the areas of Al-Malih and the al-Hadandawa. He later returned to Hajar Al-'Asal accompanied by his son King Jamo’u who succeeded him.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nilevalleyuniversity.nilevalleyuniversity
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: This book contains a variety of information including passages on circumcision and hadiths on this topic. Another chapter describes four types of trees, namely palms, grapes, olives, and pomegranates, and provides information on planting them. Another passage is on the seven popular readings in Islamic countries, along with the names of the seven reciters, as well as three additional reciters. Another chapter id dedicated to the discussion of sheep. Finally it describes what Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah (Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawzi) says about heaven and its residents, what Allah hath prepared for the righteous.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: Continuation of the longing poem sent by Ahmad Al-Sawi to the Honourable Judge Muhammad Al-Sayyid.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: The author here discusses alcohol in Ramadan, when he was a kadi [judge], and the dangers of committing the crime of shurb al-khamr (intoxication by drinking alcohol).
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: An explanation of the poem 'Lamiyat Al-Ajam', compiled by Sheikh Abu Ismail Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Muhammad Al-Asbahani, aka Al-Taghra'i.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nilevalleyuniversity.nilevalleyuniversity
Description: Poem on Sufism
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nilevalleyuniversity.nilevalleyuniversity
Description: A congratulation letter on the recovery from illness of Sayyid/'Ali al-Mirghani sent by Mahmud 'Abdu and his sons.
Country location: Sudan
Items: 233

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