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Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the situation of the army, of the enemies and of the tribes in Eastern Sudan. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 355 01/11/1311
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: The secretary of the treasury informs ʿUthmān Diqna that fifty camels carrying ivory, accompanied by fifty men from the awlād al-ʿarab (Westerners) and the jihādiyya (slave soldiers) have arrived to Tūkar. They carried letters from Omdurman, stating that the administration in Tūkar should help them. Three days later, three letters arrived in the post from Berber. The letters explained that a man named Yūsuf Sulaymān has been appointed to fight the contraband ivory. The second and third letters deal with a smuggler name Muṣṭafā al-Nāʾim. As it happens, the latter was in Handūb, the other Mahdist station in Eastern Sudan. They arrested him, and seized the ivory in Tūkar, and are awaiting for Yūsuf Sulaymān’s confirmation that it is legal. 05/08/1307
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.images
Description: A few words by Slatin to the boys of Gordon College
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: In February 1891, Colonel Holled-Smith, the head of the Egyptian and British garrison of Sawākin, led an expedition against the Mahdist administrative centre of Afafīt (Tūkar) in Eastern Sudan. As a result, he seized an important volume of documents, among which a letter-book, with the correspondence of the Mahdī and the Khalīfa to ʿUthmān Diqna. This document appears to be a copy of the original index of the letter-book by the Department of Military Intelligence. c. 04/1891
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: Long letter from the Khalīfa to the delegates (umanāʾ) which reminds them of the reason they were sent to Tūkar (Eastern Sudan), i.e. to find a solution to the conflict between ʿUthmān Diqna and Abū Qarja. The latter had resented being under the orders of the former for more than a year and the final defeat of the Mahdists in front of Sawākin in December 1889 brought the issue to the forefront. As a result, the Khalīfa sent four delegates (the umanāʾ) to try to find a new arrangement between the two leaders. 12/08/1306
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: This index was published in Wingate’s “Report on the Dervish Rule in the Eastern Sudan” (May 1891) as Appendix VI (a) entitled “Three Indexes to Miscellaneous Letters Found at Afafit”. This report can be found in Durham (SAD 253/1) and in the NRO (CairInt 3/03/46). The original index in Arabic can be found in NRO Mahdiyya 1/30/06 (see NRO-M001126) c. 02-05/1891
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: Manuscript contains the authors compilation of the hadiths narrated from the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him. These concern the Mahdi, and confirm the Mahdi as the successor to the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, whom the people were waiting for.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: A manuscript of a poem praising an unnamed Mahdia leader.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the movement of disobedience led by the Ashrāf; on the measures that ʿUthmān Diqna should take to make sure that this sedition (fitna) does not reach Eastern Sudan. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 238 01/05/1308
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: Further details on the state of cultivation in Eastern Sudan. In particular, it deals with the large debt contracted by the Mahdist administration with merchants (more than 5000 riyāl) for the importation of grain. ../06/1307
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: This index was published in Wingate’s “Report on the Dervish Rule in the Eastern Sudan” (May 1891) as Appendix III entitled “Index to letters missing from the manuscript book extending from page 140 to page 193 i.e. from 25th July 1888 to 9th January 1889”. This report can be found in Durham (SAD 253/1) and in the NRO (CairInt 3/03/46). The original letter-book can be found in the NRO (Mahdiyya 8/07/60). A microfilm is kept at Durham (SAD 14/14/2/M) c. 02-05/1891
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: Reports information gathered by the Intelligence Office in Halfa, at the border with Mahdist Sudan, one year prior to the launch of the British conquest. The information was brought to them by “Secret agent n°1”. Among other news, this agent declared that the Khalīfa Muḥammad Sharīf, imprisoned after the 1891 revolt of the Ashrāf, had been set free, and that Yaʿqūb, the brother of the Khalīfa, had lost his position. 09/09/1895
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the situation in Eastern Sudan and the collection of taxes from the nomadic tribes in the ʿAyṭbāy, on Hadanduwa territory; the displacement of nomadic tribes from Tibīlūl to ʿUthmān Diqna’s camp on the Atbara. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 405 24/04/1313
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: Wingate distinguishes between four documents: (a) A native account of the action at Tokar; (b) ʿUthmān Diqna’s Correspondence to the Mahdi; (c) Index of letters from the Mahdī and the Khalīfa to ʿUthmān Diqna; and (d) Index of miscellaneous letters. Curiously, this list does not correspond to the references previously given by Wingate. These documents can be found in the “Report on Dervish Rule in the Eastern Sudan” (1891). 15/04/1891
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: The list of which this is the draft was published as Appendix VI. (a) of “Report on the Dervish Rule in the Eastern Sudan by Major F. R. Wingate”, May 1891, under the title “Three Indexes to Miscellaneous Letters Found at Afafit”. The translated draft index can be found in NRO Mahdiyya 1/30/07 (see NRO-M001167). c. 02-05/1891
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the surveillance of Aḥmad Maḥmūd ʿAlī, the son of Maḥmūd ʿAlī who was the main opponent to ʿUthmān Diqna’s rule in Eastern Sudan. Aḥmad Maḥmūd ʿAlī seems to still be attached to the material world. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 191 15/08/1307
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the situation in Eastern Sudan. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 66 16/11/1305
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: This index was not published in Wingate’s “Report on the Dervish Rule in the Eastern Sudan” (May 1891), a fact which now cannot be explained. It is likely that this index refers to a letter-book kept at Durham (SAD 97/3), but this requires verification, especially since it is currently, labelled as a collection of “majālis” (i.e. texts produced during councils of the Mahdī), and not as a collection of “manshūrāt” (i.e. proclamations set as letters). c. 02-05/1891
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the situation in Eastern Sudan with regard to nomadic tribes and ʿUthmān Diqna’s endeavours to unite them under the Mahdist authority. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 276 04/10/1309
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: The Khalīfa calls upon the Ḥamdūrāb, a clan of the Bishārīn, established in the north of the Eastern Sudan, to join ʿUthmān Diqna. He mentions by name two of their leaders, Asir ʿAwaḍ ʿUmar and ʿĪsā Akkad. 11/04/1307
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.images
Description: Mahdi's tomb, Omdurman
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: Abū Qarja and Majdhūb Abū Bakr give ʿUthmān Diqna details on the situation in Eastern Sudan, as the latter is currently in Omdurman, visiting the Khalīfa. Most of the letter deals with the instructions of the Khalīfa on question of grain (taxation, conservation and trade). Abū Qarja and Majdhūb Abū Bakr explain to ʿUthmān Diqna that most of the harvest has been lost to locusts. 04/06/1307
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.images
Description: A seal with the inscription of Ahmed Suleiman, secretary of the treasury.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: Religious teachings that Sayyid Ahmad Al-Badri collected showing that he attended and worked with the Imam Muhammad Al-Mahdi to confirm the call of Mahdism.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.images
Description: Al-Mahdi's house, Omdurman
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the situation in Eastern Sudan. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 406 25/05/1313
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.manuscripts
Description: Regarding the appointment of Ali Al-Sanousi as their leader, calling for support and obedience, the securing of roads, and not to attack travellers.
Country location: Sudan
Collection: nationalrecordsoffice.mahdia
Description: On the grain situation in Eastern Sudan; the supply of the anṣār; and consideration for the jihādiyya. - This text has been edited in Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Abū Salīm, Muḥarrarāt ʿUthmān Diqna, Khartoum, Markaz Abū Salīm li-l-dirāsāt, 2004. See letter 68 16/11/1305
Items: 44

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